Conditions

We’re here to get the best possible life outcomes for every cancer patient. We do that by combining the right clinical teams with innovative and effective treatments.

Cancers we treat

We work with nationally and internationally recognised consultants to design and deliver many cutting-edge treatments that are proven to be safe and effective for cancers in adults.  

There are over 200 different types of cancer, and each is treated in different ways. We personalise your care to you and your condition so it’s often a combination of therapies delivered in a seamless pathway from diagnosis to survivorship. 

The main approaches to cancer care are:

  • Early detection and diagnosis is critical so cancers can be identified before they have spread elsewhere in the body and be treated more easily
  • Surgery to remove tumours
  • Radiotherapy to target and destroy cancer cells and some difficult-to-reach tumours
  • Systemic therapies – these include chemotherapy, hormone therapies and immunotherapies

You can read more about the types of cancer that we treat at GenesisCare here.

Blood cancer

Blood cancers occur when your body produces larger, or smaller, numbers of blood cells that don’t function properly. These abnormal blood cells prevent your body from performing its normal functions, including fighting off infections, carrying oxygen around and preventing serious bleeding.

The different types of blood cells are:

  • Red blood cells – that carry oxygen around your body
  • White blood cells – that help fight off infection
  • Platelets – that help stop bleeding

These cells are made from stem cells, which are special cells found in your bone marrow.

Blood cancers are categorised according to the type of cell affected.

The three main types of blood cancer are:

Signs and symptoms of blood cancer

Blood cancer may affect your blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Bruising or bleeding
  • Lumps or swellings
  • Weight loss
  • Severe infections
  • A high temperature (fever) or abnormal sweating at night
  • Itchy skin or a rash
  • Pain in your bones and joints
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling out of breath
  • Skin turning pale

Having one or more of these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have blood cancer and may be a sign of another underlying condition. If you have any concerns, or your symptoms are unexplained or persistent, you should see a doctor.

Blood cancer treatment

At GenesisCare, we offer many of the world’s latest treatment for blood cancers. Our highly experienced cancer experts work as teams to ensure that every patient can access world-class cancer care, within days of diagnosis. You’ll receive a complete personalised care plan that has been designed to support you physically and emotionally throughout your cancer journey. After all, we’re treating you – not just your cancer.

Leukaemia journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for leukaemia, from diagnostics to survivorship

Hodgkin's lymphoma journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for Hodgkin's lymphoma, from diagnostics to survivorship

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, from diagnostics to survivorship

Myeloma journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for myeloma, from diagnostics to survivorship

Myeloproliferative disorders

We also treat other types of conditions affecting your bone marrow called myeloproliferative disorders. While they are a type of blood cancer, many people with myeloproliferative disorders feel well and only need gentle treatment.

Myeloproliferative disorders

Find out more about the treatment journey for myeloma, including diagnostics to different treatment options.

Bone cancer

What is bone cancer?

Bone cancers occur when normal bone cells develop changes and start to grow uncontrollably, creating a tumour. They’re also sometimes called bone sarcomas – bones are made up of connective tissue and sarcomas are the cancers that start in any connective tissue in the body.  

This information is specifically about primary bone cancer, which starts in your bones. It is different to secondary bone cancer, which is where a cancer has spread to your bones from a tumour that started elsewhere in your body. Secondary cancer in bones is much more common than primary bone cancer, and your treatment will be a little different.  

Cancers that originate in the bone marrow, such as leukaemia, myeloma and lymphoma, aren’t classified as bone cancers but as blood cancers, also known as haematological cancers. 

Primary bone cancers are rare in the UK. There are several types of bone cancer and the kind you have can depend on the type of bone cell the cancer originates from. Primary bone cancers can affect anybody, however some bone cancers are more common in young people, as rapid growth spurts that occur during puberty can increase the risk of bone tumours. There are many different types of bone cancer and at GenesisCare we treat: 

  • Osteosarcoma – most common in young people aged 10 to 19 
  • Ewing’s sarcoma – often develops in children and adolescents, between 0 and 14 years old 
  • Chondrosarcoma – usually affects adults 

Bone cancer treatment

We offer the latest treatments for bone cancer including surgery, chemotherapy, advanced radiotherapy and targeted therapy.

Our highly experienced cancer experts work together to ensure that every patient can access world-class cancer care, within days of diagnosis. You’ll receive a complete personalised care plan that has been designed to support you physically and emotionally through your cancer journey. We’re here to treat you – not just your cancer.

Primary bone cancer journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for primary bone cancer, from diagnostics to survivorship

    

Secondary bone cancer journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for secondary bone cancer, from diagnostics to survivorship

Bowel cancer

What is bowel cancer?

Bowel cancer occurs when normal bowel cells mutate and grow uncontrollably, creating a tumour. The bowel is split into two main portions – the large and small bowel – and both are part of the digestive system. At GenesisCare, we treat cancers in all parts of the bowel, including cancers that have started in the bowel and spread to other parts of the body (known as secondary bowel cancer).

Small bowel cancer

The small bowel, also known as the small intestine, is the tube that connects the stomach to the large bowel. Its role in the digestive system is to help you digest food and absorb nutrients. 

Cancer in the small bowel is rare and usually found in people aged between 55 and 75. The four main types of small bowel cancer are:

  • Adenocarcinoma – these cancers develop in the lining of the small bowel, and around 40% of small bowel cancers are adenocarcinomas 
  • Neuroendocrine tumour – around 40% of small bowel cancers are neuroendocrine tumours, and they only start in the cells in the small bowel that produce hormones 
  • Lymphoma – this type of bowel cancer makes up around 15% of small bowel cancers and starts in the lymph tissue of the small bowel, which plays a role in the body’s immune system 
  • Sarcoma – several types of sarcoma develop in different kinds of tissues in the small bowel

Large bowel cancer

The large bowel is made up of the colon and rectum. Water is absorbed from digested food in the colon before the remaining waste (stools) is stored in the rectum until it’s passed out of the body through the anus. Depending on where the cancer starts, large bowel cancers can sometimes be called colon, rectal or colorectal cancer.

Large bowel cancer is the fourth most common cancer type in the UK, and according to Cancer Research UK, there are over 42,000 new cases each year. Most bowel cancers start from growths called polyps. These are small, benign (non-cancerous) lumps found on the lining of the colon and rectum. They’re very common, affecting one in four people aged 50 or over in the UK, but not all polyps develop into cancer.

Large bowel cancer can spread (metastasise) to other parts of the body. When the cancer has spread to nearby tissues such as the lymph nodes, or invades nearby structures such as the bladder, it’s known as locally advanced large bowel cancer. If it has spread throughout the body to other organs, such as the liver, it’s called advanced (or metastatic) large bowel cancer. 

What are the causes of bowel cancer?

The causes of bowel cancer are not fully understood, making it hard to know who may or may not develop cancer. Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of you developing small or large bowel cancer. However, having one or more of these factors doesn’t mean you’ll get it.

What are the symptoms of bowel cancer?

There are some noticeable signs of small or large bowel cancer. However, other conditions could cause these changes. If you think you have one or more of these symptoms, it doesn’t mean you have cancer. You should see a doctor if you have any concerns.

 

Bowel cancer treatment

We offer the latest treatments in bowel cancer, including surgery, chemotherapy, advanced radiotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy.

Our highly experienced cancer experts work as teams to ensure that every patient can access world-class cancer care within days of diagnosis. You’ll receive a complete personalised care plan that has been designed to supp

Small bowel cancer

Find out more about the treatment journey for small bowel cancer, from diagnostics to survivorship

    

Large bowel cancer

Find out more about the treatment journey for large bowel cancer, from diagnostics to survivorship

Brain and spine cancer

Brain tumours 

Brain tumours are lumps of abnormal cells that have formed in the brain. If a tumour starts in the brain, it’s a primary tumour.

Spinal cord tumours 

Most spinal cord tumours start in the neck and can cause symptoms in the arms and legs, as well as affecting bowel and bladder function

Find out more

Find out more on brain and spine cancer treatment at GenesisCare

Breast cancer

What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer occurs when normal breast cells acquire mutations leading to uncontrolled growth, creating a tumour. It frequently starts in the cells that line the milk ducts (ductal cancer) but can also arise in breast lobules (lobular cancer). Read more about the types of breast cancer, what causes breast cancer and stages of breast cancer.

    

How is breast cancer diagnosed?

Breast cancer can be detected using imaging, such as ultrasound or mammography, and biopsy to remove a small portion of tissue or fluid for further investigation. At our one stop breast clinics, you can get fast, direct access to an assessment with an expert breast consultant, a mammogram and a discussion of findings on the same day.

Breast cancer treatment

If you are found to have breast cancer, it could either be non-invasive, also called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or invasive breast cancer.

Breast cancer treatment depends on what type of breast cancer you have. Your consultant will discuss the appropriate treatment that will deliver the best outcome for you.

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is considered the earliest form of breast cancer and is sometimes referred to as Stage 0, or pre-invasive or non-invasive cancer.

    

Invasive breast cancer

About four in five women diagnosed with breast cancer through screening will have invasive cancer. This is cancer that has grown out of the milk ducts and into the surrounding breast tissue.

    

Secondary breast cancer

If left untreated, most invasive breast cancers will spread to other parts of the body.Where breast cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones, liver or lungs, this is known as secondary (metastatic, advanced or stage 4) breast cancer.

Central nervous system (CNS) tumours

Brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours are the 9th most common cancer in the UK.

The main parts of the brain are:

  • The cerebrum (two halves with four lobes on each side- frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital)
  • The cerebellum
  • The brain stem
  • The pituitary gland

Find out more

Find out more on central nervous system tumours treatment at GenesisCare

Gastrointestinal cancer

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is the name for cancers affecting the digestive system (or GI tract).

There are a range of types of gastrointestinal cancers including:

Find out more

Find out more on gastrointestinal cancer treatment at GenesisCare

Genitourinary cancer

There are many different type of genitourinary cancers which effect both men and women.

Types of genitourinary cancers

Find out more

Find out more on genitourinary cancer treatment at GenesisCare

Gynaecological cancer

Gynaecological cancers affect a woman’s reproductive system. They can happen to women of all ages but are most common if you’re over 50.

You can find more information about different types of gynaecological cancer below:

Head and neck cancer

Head and neck cancer is a broad term given to a number of cancers that occur in the head and neck region. It is a reasonably uncommon cancer type in the UK – each year there are around 12,000 new cases diagnosed, that’s around 0.02% of the population. Head and neck cancer is a broad term given to a number of cancers that occur in the head and neck region. It is the 8th most common cancer in the UK but has been increasing in incidence by 10% over the last 10 years.

There are more than 30 areas within the head and neck where these cancers can arise, such as the:

  • Mouth – the most common type
  • Tongue
  • Throat (pharynx/back of the tongue and tonsils)
  • Voice box (larynx)
  • Nose and sinuses
  • Salivary glands
  • Middle ear
  • Back of the nose and mouth (nasopharynx)

Despite their location, cancers of the oesophagus, brain and eye aren’t generally classified as a head and neck cancer.

 

Treatments for head and neck cancer

We offer the latest treatments for head and neck cancer including surgery, chemotherapy, advanced radiotherapy and innovative techniques such as photobiomodulation therapy.

Our highly experienced cancer experts work as teams to ensure that every patient can access world-class cancer care, within days of diagnosis. You’ll receive a complete personalised care plan that has been designed to support you physically and emotionally through your cancer journey. After all, we’re treating you – not just your cancer.

Radiotherapy for head and neck cancer

At GenesisCare we use advanced radiotherapy techniques that help improve the accuracy, safety, speed and comfort of treatment. Our world-class service is led by a team of expert specialists to provide everything you need throughout your treatment.

You can find out more about the treatment journey, from diagnostics to survivorship, for different types of head and neck cancer by following the links below:

Liver cancer

What is liver cancer?

Liver cancer occurs when normal liver cells mutate and grow uncontrollably, creating a tumour. The liver is a sizable organ found in the upper right of your abdomen, it helps to digest your food and remove toxins from within the body.

At GenesisCare, we treat cancers in all parts of the liver, including cancers that have spread to the liver from other parts of the body (known as secondary liver cancer).

Cancer in the liver can affect anybody, but its usually found in people aged between 55 and 75 and is most common in those over 65’s. Each year in the UK, around 6,100 people are diagnosed with liver cancer.

Liver cancer treatment

We offer many of the latest treatments in liver cancer, including advanced radiotherapy, targeted therapy and chemotherapy.

Our highly experienced cancer experts work as teams to ensure that every patient can access world-class cancer care within days of diagnosis. You’ll receive a complete personalised care plan that has been designed to support you physically and emotionally through your cancer journey. After all, we’re treating you – not just your cancer.

Primary liver cancer

Find out more about the treatment journey for liver cancer that starts in the liver, from diagnostics to the latest treatments.

    

Secondary liver cancer

Find out more about the treatments we offer for cancer that has spread to the liver from elsewhere in the body.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is when cells in your lung tissue become abnormal and grow at an uncontrollable rate to form a tumour. It is the third most common cancer type in the UK. Nearly 50,000 people are diagnosed with it in the UK each year.

You may hear lung cancers being described as primary or secondary. Primary lung cancer is when the tumour started in your lung. There are three main types of primary lung cancer and they are categorised according to the type of cells the cancer developed in. They are:

  • Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): The most common kind of lung cancer, accounting for nearly 90% of diagnoses. NSCLC’s can be further split into three types: adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma
  • Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC): A more uncommon type of lung cancer. SCLC usually spreads quicker than NSCLC and is often diagnosed when it is at an advanced stage
  • Mesothelioma: This is a cancer that develops in the pleura – the lining of the lung. You’re more likely to develop mesothelioma if you’ve been exposed to asbestos

Secondary lung cancer is when cancer cells have spread (metastasised) to your lung from a cancer in another part of the body.

Lung cancer journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for lung cancer, from diagnostics to survivorship

Trachea cancer

Trachea cancer is a rare type of lung cancer, sometimes known as bronchial cancer. That’s because the trachea (or windpipe) has two branches – known as bronchi, and this is where the disease usually starts. Most tumours that begin in the trachea or bronchi are cancerous. However, other tumours can spread to the trachea (metastasised) from other parts of the body.

Trachea cancer journey

Find out more about the treatment journey, how we diagnose and treat trachea cancer

Prostate cancer

We have a comprehensive prostate cancer service led by our expert urologists and oncologists and supported by a team of cancer specialists, including chemotherapy nurses, wellbeing consultants, and skilled radiographers.

At GenesisCare, you can get diagnostics tests and scans quickly if you’re worried about symptoms, and the latest treatments including access to groundbreaking radiotherapy techniques that limit side effects and innovative therapies for advanced disease. We’ll support you from start to finish with a complete care package that includes exercise medicine and a range of wellbeing therapies that help limit the impact of cancer and its treatment.

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer type found in men in the UK, with one out of six men getting it in their lifetime. Find out more about prostate cancer, including the causes, risk factors and symptoms of cancer, as well as staging and grading.

    

Diagnosing and treating prostate cancer

Find out more about the tests, scans and treatments we offer for prostate cancer at GenesisCare, as well as our integrative cancer care service to support you through your cancer journey and beyond.

Skin cancer

Skin cancer occurs when skin cells change into abnormal cells and grow at an uncontrolled rate.

Most skin cancers are caused by UV light damage from the sun or artificial sources, such as tanning beds. You also have a higher risk the more times you have had sunburn.

Other risk factors for skin cancer include:

  • Increased age – your risk increases with age
  • Have fair skin, blonde or red hair or blue eyes
  • Have lots of moles, freckles or birthmarks
  • Have a family history of melanoma
  • Have a certain medical conditions – such as a weakened immune system

There are two main types of skin cancer – melanoma skin cancer (the type linked with moles) and non-melanoma skin cancer.

 

Melanoma skin cancer journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for melanoma, from diagnostics to survivorship

Non-melanoma skin cancer journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for non-melanoma skin cancer, from diagnostics to the latest treatments

Extensive skin field cancerisation journey

Find out more about the treatment journey for extensive skin field cancerisation, from diagnostics to the latest treatments

Frequently asked questions

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