Gynaecological cancers start in a woman’s reproductive system or genitals. They include cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer. Rare types of gynaecological cancer include cancers of the fallopian tubes and the placenta (pregnancy-related).
Types of gynaecological cancer
The more common types of gynaecological cancer are:
Cervical cancer develops when abnormal cells grow in the lining of the cervix. Australia’s National Cervical Screening Program and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine program have helped reduce the number of cases. Anyone with a cervix can get cervical cancer, including women, transgender men and intersex people.
Ovarian cancer occurs when cells in the ovaries start to grow abnormally. This can lead to one or more tumours developing in one or both ovaries. Ovarian cysts are different from ovarian cancer and are usually harmless and painless.
Vulvar cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop in any part of a woman’s external genitals. It most commonly starts in the labia minora (inner lips), labia majora (outer lips) or the area between the vagina and anus.
In Australia, we have more than 40 oncology centres in metro and regional Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, and Western Australia.
Our experienced, specialised doctors offer bespoke, dedicated care aiming to provide the best possible clinical outcomes.