What is cancer?

There are over 100 different types of cancer.1,2 When abnormal cells multiply in an uncontrolled way, that’s cancer. Sometimes they spread into other tissues, affecting other parts of the body.1-3

  • Some growths are non-cancerous (benign). This means that it does not spread to other parts of the body, grows slowly, has a distinct border, and does not invade nearby tissue. They are often treated with surgery or sometimes with chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiation therapy to help reduce the risk of them returning, to help ease any discomfort or to help relieve any medical issue they may be causing.2
  • Harmful cancer growths are called malignant tumours. They can grow quickly, have irregular borders, often invade surrounding tissues, and can spread to other parts of the body (called metastasis). Treatment may consist of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, or a combination.2



This website is provided for information purposes only. Nothing on this website is intended to be used as medical advice or, to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. It should not be used as a substitute for your own health professional's advice.