Genitourinary cancers include cancers that affect the urinary system of both sexes and the male reproductive system. They include kidney cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer, prostate cancer and penile cancer. Cancers of the female reproductive system are included under gynaecological cancers.
The main types of genitourinary cancer
The main types of genitourinary cancer include:
Bladder cancer develops in the lining of the bladder. It may grow and spread into deeper layers of the bladder wall.
Bladder cancer journey
Find out more about the treatment journey for bladder cancer, from diagnosis to treatment.
Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer or renal cell carcinoma, starts in the cells of the kidney. Usually, only one kidney is affected.
Kidney cancer journey
Find out more about the treatment journey for kidney cancer, from diagnosis to treatment.
Testicular cancer can start in one or both testicles. Generally, the cancer cells develop in the cells that form sperm.
Also known as cancer of the penis, this rare cancer can develop on the foreskin, head or skin of the penis.
Prostate cancer journey
Find out more about the treatment journey for prostate cancer, from diagnosis to treatment.
Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop in the prostate, a small gland that produces seminal fluid to transport sperm.
Testicular cancer journey
Find out more about the treatment journey for testicular cancer, from diagnosis to treatment.
Radiation therapy may be offered in the early stages of cancer treatment, or after it has started to spread. There are different radiation therapy techniques which may be suitable for different cancer types at different stages.
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