What is cancer?
There are over 100 different types of cancer. When abnormal cells multiply in an uncontrolled way, that’s cancer. Sometimes they spread into other tissues, affecting other parts of the body.
- Some growths are harmless (benign). They don’t spread to other parts of the body. But they can put pressure on areas around them. They are often treated with surgery or sometimes with radiation oncology to reduce the risk of them returning
- Harmful cancer growths are called malignant tumours. They usually multiply faster than benign ones.
What are primary and secondary tumours?
A primary tumour is where a cancer starts. If it spreads to other parts of the body, that’s a secondary tumour or metastasis.
Malignant tumours can be solid or liquid. Liquid cancers like leukaemia involve blood. Cancer and its treatments can also affect the lymphatic, immune and hormone systems. Solid tumours can form in any organ.
What are the most common cancers?
Some of the most common cancers in women are breast cancer and bowel cancer. In men, prostate cancer is the most common, followed by bowel cancer.
How is cancer treated?
There are a lot of factors that influence how cancer is treated:
The type of cancer
Where the tumour’s located
How fast it’s growing
How advanced the cancer is
Your age and general health
How you’d like your cancer to be treated
We’re constantly challenging ourselves to design better care. We personalise care for the patient and their condition so it’s often a combination of therapies like surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, dietary changes and other holistic care.