Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer treatment at GenesisCare

We are specialists in the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating all types of cancer, including thyroid cancer. We have teams of highly trained cancer specialists who are experts in this disease. They work together to evaluate the newest, evidence-based approaches so we can offer these to every patient – without delay.

Thyroid-cancer
Chapter 1

Treatment overview

Treatment for thyroid cancer may include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or targeted therapy, along with specialists in supporting speech, swallowing and dietary advice, if needed. We combine this with consultant-led integrative care, such as wellbeing therapies and psychological support, to help you achieve the best possible outcome. Our qualified physiotherapists and wellbeing consultants will carefully plan these therapies tailored to your needs by working with you and your consultant.

Cancer of the thyroid gland is relatively uncommon. According to Cancer Research UK, there are around 3,700 new cases each year in the UK, but early diagnosis and treatment can improve the outcome for many.

The four main types of thyroid cancer are:

  • Papillary carcinoma (papillary thyroid cancer) – the most common type of thyroid cancer, making up around eight out of 10 cases in the UK
  • Follicular carcinoma (follicular thyroid cancer) – accounts for around one in 10 cases in the UK
  • Medullary thyroid carcinoma (medullary thyroid cancer) – accounts for less than one in 10 cases in the UK and can be inherited
  • Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (anaplastic thyroid cancer) – accounts for around one in 50 cases in the UK and is the most serious type of thyroid cancer

We are the UK’s leading specialist private cancer care provider. By choosing us, you can be reassured that your treatment will be managed by a team of specialists working together, with you, to decide the best personalised care plan for your diagnosis. It is our commitment to offer world-class care to every patient with cancer.

How are thyroid cancers treated?

There are a number of treatment options available for thyroid cancers at GenesisCare, such as:

  • Surgery – removal of the cancerous tumours in the thyroid gland
  • Radiotherapy – high-energy radiation which is targeted at the cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy – anti-cancer (cytotoxic) drugs which destroy the cancerous cells
  • Targeted therapy – a specialised group of drugs that attack or block certain processes in cancer cells

Contact us

These web pages provide more information about thyroid cancer treatment at GenesisCare. If you would like to contact us in confidence, we will be happy to answer any of your questions.
Contact us
Chapter 2

Diagnostics

How are thyroid cancers diagnosed?

At GenesisCare we diagnose and treat a wide range of cancers, and we understand that this can be a very worrying time. Our diagnostic services are first-class, and our commitment is to give you the answers you need, as quickly as possible. It’s important to remember that symptoms can often be caused by other conditions, not thyroid cancer. But whatever your diagnosis we can make sure you get the expert care you need and without delay.

If you’re concerned about thyroid cancer symptoms, we offer fast access to specialist thyroid cancer diagnostics and expert consultants who specialise in conditions affecting the head and neck including the thyroid, larynx and throat. They’ll assess your symptoms and, if necessary, refer you for diagnostic tests such as blood tests, a biopsy or an ultrasound scan. You may also need to see one of our speech and language specialists (SLT).

Thyroid cancer symptoms

Thyroid cancers usually develop slowly, and there may not be any noticeable signs at first. These symptoms can also be caused by other non-cancerous conditions, so thyroid cancer can be tricky to diagnose.

The most common signs of thyroid cancer are:

  • A sore throat
  • A lump in the neck
  • A hoarse voice
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Swollen neck glands
  • Swallowing difficulties

Having one or more of these symptoms doesn’t mean you have cancer, but it’s best to speak to your doctor. If you have any concerns, you should seek medical advice or book an appointment through our Rapid Access Head and Neck Service.

Rapid Access Head and Neck Service

Our specialist team of head and neck consultants can assess and diagnose conditions quickly so you can get the answers you need and plan any treatment immediately.
Make an enquiry
Chapter 3

Surgery

Surgery is the most common thyroid cancer treatment. The aim is to remove cancerous tumours and forms part of an overall treatment and care plan for thyroid cancer.

Our consultants have close relationships with expert surgeons from both local and nationally renowned hospitals and will work together with other cancer specialists to decide the best course of treatment for you. If your consultant recommends thyroid cancer surgery, this can be arranged conveniently at one of our partner hospitals. You can then continue your other treatments at GenesisCare.

There are various procedures for thyroid gland cancer surgery, and your surgeon will recommend the most appropriate type according to the size and location of your tumour.

Our team also includes specialists such as speech and language therapists and dietitians who may be involved in preparing you for surgery and helping with your recovery and rehabilitation.

Surgery side effects

No treatment is without side effects. Your doctor will explain these to you, together with the ways your treatment plan and supportive care can help manage or minimise these.

Chapter 4

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy uses targeted, high-energy radiation beams to destroy cancer cells. It’s often the preferred treatment option for thyroid gland cancer patients who are not suitable for surgery, although you may also receive radiotherapy after surgery to remove any remaining cancerous tissue.

At GenesisCare, we are the leading private provider of radiotherapy in the UK and offer world-class expertise, state-of-the-art facilities and advanced radiotherapy techniques. Our latest-generation radiotherapy machines (called linacs) deliver highly targeted radiation beams that are designed to be effective while minimising the radiation dose to healthy tissues.

Your treatment will be governed by our expert multidisciplinary teams (MDTs), consisting of oncologists, radiotherapists and medical physicists, who work together to ensure that you receive only the best possible care.

Radiotherapy techniques for thyroid cancers

Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a modern radiotherapy technique that directs beams of radiation in an arc across the treatment area. Together with surface-guided radiotherapy (SGRT), it’s possible to precisely target areas of cancer, adjusting the beam and intensity of the radiation dose to allow for movements in the body and avoid healthy tissues. Side effects of radiotherapy occur when healthy tissues receive radiation, so using this technique helps to limit the dose to tissues and organs surrounding the tumour. At GenesisCare, we offer VMAT wherever possible as it is widely recognised to be the highest standard of care currently available for patients needing this type of radiotherapy.

Radioactive iodine is an internal radiotherapy technique for treating papillary and follicular thyroid cancers after surgery. The radioisotope is given as a drink or capsules, and the cancerous thyroid cells absorb the iodine and receive a very high dose of radiation. The side effects of radioactive iodine treatment are limited because other parts of the body don’t absorb as much iodine as cells in the thyroid gland.

We also offer palliative VMAT radiotherapy for those living with advanced thyroid cancer, where it has spread elsewhere in the body, to improve pain and increase mobility. We understand that fast access to palliative care is paramount and can usually provide treatment within 48 hours of a planning imaging scan.

Side effects of radiotherapy

No treatment is without side effects. Your doctor will explain these to you start your course of radiotherapy, together with the ways your treatment plan and supportive care can help manage or minimise these.

Advanced radiotherapy
Chapter 5

Drug treatments

At GenesisCare, we offer all drug therapies that can be used to treat and manage thyroid cancer, including many of the newest treatments. Depending on how these treatments are given to you, you may need to attend one of our private chemotherapy suites which are staffed by our specialist nurses. Our compassionate nursing teams are available 24/7 on a dedicated on-call telephone service and can answer any queries during your treatment. They’ll be able to provide advice about side effects or symptoms and help arrange appropriate medical care when needed.

Our centres have all received the Macmillan Quality Environment Mark to reflect the quality of care we provide for people living with cancer.

There are different types of drug treatments, also called systemic anti-cancer therapies. Our expert teams continually review and assess new treatments to make these available to GenesisCare patients as early as possible.

Chemotherapy for thyroid cancers

Chemotherapy uses cytotoxic (anti-cancer) drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy is rarely used as a thyroid cancer treatment, but you may have it if your cancer has come back after previous treatment or has spread elsewhere in the body.

Targeted therapy for thyroid cancers

Targeted (also called biological) therapies are a specialised group of drugs that have been designed to attack or block certain processes in cancer cells that tumours depend on to survive and grow. We use targeted therapy to treat advanced thyroid cancers that have not responded to previous treatments.

There are several targeted therapies available for treating advanced thyroid cancer, your consultant will discuss which treatment will work best for you.

Palliative care

If your cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it’s called advanced or metastatic thyroid cancer. At GenesisCare, you can receive palliative drug treatment for advanced thyroid cancer, to reduce the size and progress of your cancer and ease any symptoms.

Personalised medicine

For some advanced cancers we use specialist tests, such as liquid biopsy or genomic testing, to understand the genetic make-up of cancer cells. This helps us to identify which drugs are available to work against the particular genetic mutations in a cancer, allowing us to start effective treatment without delay.

There may also be opportunities to access clinical trials for the newest treatments for ­­­­thyroid cancer.

Drug treatment side effects

No treatment is without side effects. Your doctor will explain these to you depending on your drug treatment, together with how your treatment plan and supportive care can help manage or minimise these.

Chapter 6

Integrative care

At GenesisCare, we do more than just treat your cancer. As part of our unique and integrative approach to cancer care, you can expect the best possible care and a personalised treatment plan that includes access to life-changing therapies which are proven to improve cancer-related outcomes. These therapies will be tailored to you to help you manage and cope with your cancer as well as the specific side effects of treatment.

Exercise medicine

Exercise medicine is a personalised programme of carefully planned and supported physical activity that has been shown to improve outcomes for cancer patients, enhancing quality of life and limiting the impact of cancer, such as by improving strength and reducing fatigue. One of our physiotherapists specialising in exercise for people living with cancer will provide a 12-week programme tailored to your needs and supported by our dedicated GenesisCare Exercise Medicine app. They’ll work closely with you to monitor changes in your health and support you throughout the programme to help you get the best results. This is available at selected GenesisCare centres.

Wellbeing

We also offer a wellbeing expert and holistic therapies such as counselling, acupuncture, massage and reflexology through our unique partnership with the Penny Brohn UK charity. This service is available to all ­­­­­thyroid cancer patients at any of our 14 UK centres.

Testicular cancer
Chapter 7

Why choose GenesisCare?

GenesisCare is a leading private provider of cancer care, offering the latest innovations and techniques that are proven to be safe and effective. If you choose us for thyroid cancer treatment, you’ll be under the care of a team of experts, including consultant oncologists, surgeons, speech and langue therapists (SLTs) and dietitians. They’ll design a personalised care plan based around your diagnosis and preferences, with treatment starting within days if needed. Every patient is also supported through their journey with life-changing therapies, such as exercise medicine and psychological support.

Our dedicated cancer centres are convenient and easy-to-access. You can use your private medical insurance, and we’re recognised by all leading insurers.

Throughout the COVID-19 outbreak, our priority is to continue providing the very best cancer care with meticulous measures in place to ensure our patients receive the treatments they need safely and without delay. You can find out more about our COVID-19 safety measures here.

We are proud that so many patients rate our care as excellent as we help them through their cancer journey. Find out more about the unique experiences of people who have had their cancer diagnosis or treatment at GenesisCare in our patient stories section.