Genitourinary cancer

 

Genitourinary cancer can affect:

• Kidneys
• Bladder
• Ureters (tubes that connect other organs in this area)
• Urethra (tube that drains urine from the bladder to the outside)
• Male genitalia
• Prostate

In women, cancers that develop in the ovaries, the uterus, the cervix, or the vagina are in a separate category of cancers called gynaecological cancers.

Types of genitourinary cancers

Bladder cancer forms on urothelial cells that line the tube connecting the kidneys to the bladder as well as in the bladder itself. Most cancers are found in the bladder, where the urine has the longest contact with the lining urothelial cells. This can cause internal bleeding.

Most bladder cancers are diagnosed early before they spread. They can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.

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Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers. It’s rare before the age of 50, and the risk increases with age.

The kidneys help to remove waste products from the body. They also help to control blood formation and fluid balances.

If it’s diagnosed early enough, and hasn’t spread, kidney cancer can often be cured.

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There are different types of penile cancer. The most common is squamous cell penile cancer. It usually develops under the foreskin in uncircumcised men. It can also begin on the penis head (glans).

There are three other types of penile cancer; Adenocarcinoma, Carcinoma in situ (CIS) & melanoma of the penis.

It’s more common if you’re over 50.

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Testicular cancer develops in the testes, part of a man’s reproductive system. It’s very rare before puberty and after age 65.

It’s been discovered that all men who develop testicular cancer are born with an abnormality on their 12th chromosome.

If you have testicular cancer, you may also need chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Both of these can be used to treat even advanced cases that have spread into other areas of the body.

Read more

Cancer that begins in the urethra is very rare but becomes more likely as you get older. It can spread quickly to other areas of the body.

The most common kind of urethral cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma. It develops near the bladder in women and the lining of the urethra inside the penis in men.

Read more

Cancer of the renal pelvis (small area in the centre of the kidney that the ureter arises from) and ureter are very rare.

They are considered bladder cancers rather than kidney cancers. Higher incidence in men than women. The incidence rises from the age of 65 years and is even rarer under this age.

Read more

Bladder cancer forms on urothelial cells that line the tube connecting the kidneys to the bladder as well as in the bladder itself. Most cancers are found in the bladder, where the urine has the longest contact with the lining urothelial cells. This can cause internal bleeding.

Most bladder cancers are diagnosed early before they spread. They can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.

Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers. It’s rare before the age of 50, and the risk increases with age.

The kidneys help to remove waste products from the body. They also help to control blood formation and fluid balances.

If it’s diagnosed early enough, and hasn’t spread, kidney cancer can often be cured.

There are different types of penile cancer. The most common is squamous cell penile cancer. It usually develops under the foreskin in uncircumcised men. It can also begin on the penis head (glans).

There are three other types of penile cancer; Adenocarcinoma, Carcinoma in situ (CIS) & melanoma of the penis.

It’s more common if you’re over 50.

Testicular cancer develops in the testes, part of a man’s reproductive system. It’s very rare before puberty and after age 65.

It’s been discovered that all men who develop testicular cancer are born with an abnormality on their 12th chromosome.

If you have testicular cancer, you may also need chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Both of these can be used to treat even advanced cases that have spread into other areas of the body.

Cancer that begins in the urethra is very rare but becomes more likely as you get older. It can spread quickly to other areas of the body.

The most common kind of urethral cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma. It develops near the bladder in women and the lining of the urethra inside the penis in men.

Cancer of the renal pelvis (small area in the centre of the kidney that the ureter arises from) and ureter are very rare.

They are considered bladder cancers rather than kidney cancers. Higher incidence in men than women. The incidence rises from the age of 65 years and is even rarer under this age.

Treatments we cover

Radiotherapy kills cancer cells. It’s used in the early stages of cancer treatment or after it has started to spread. It can also be used to relieve pain and discomfort from cancer that has spread.

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Chemotherapy is medication that treats your cancer. The drugs kill cancer cells, preventing them from dividing and spreading further.

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Radiotherapy kills cancer cells. It’s used in the early stages of cancer treatment or after it has started to spread. It can also be used to relieve pain and discomfort from cancer that has spread.

Read more

Chemotherapy is medication that treats your cancer. The drugs kill cancer cells, preventing them from dividing and spreading further.

Read more

Meet our doctors

Everything we do is focused on designing better care for our patients. With a network of 12 specialist oncology treatment centres across the UK, we provide the most up-to-date treatments and technology as standard.

We attract and retain some of the most experienced doctors in the country, who all have a passion for improving patient outcomes and specialise in the treatment of different types of cancer.

Meet our doctors

Search for a centre near you

Maidstone

17 Kings Hill Avenue, Kings Hill, West Malling, Kent, ME19 4UA

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Birmingham

Little Aston Hall Drive, Sutton, West Midlands, Coldfield B74 3BF

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Nottingham

The Park Cancer Centre, Sherwood Lodge Drive, Burntstump Country Park, Notthingham, NG5 8RX

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Portsmouth

Portsmouth, Bartons Road, Havant, Hampshire, PO9 5NA

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Guildford

BMI St Martha Oncology Centre, 46 Harvey Road, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 3XL

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Southampton

Southampton Centre, Chalybeate Close (off Tremona Road), Southampton, SO16 6UY

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Chelmsford

Springfield Cancer Centre, Lawn Lane, Chelmsford, Essex, CM1 7GU

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Elstree

Unit 710, Centennial Park, Elstree, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, WD6 3SZ

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Oxford

Sandy Lane West, Peters Way, Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX4 6LB

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Milton Keynes

Sunrise Parkway, Linford Wood East, Milton Keynes, BuckinghamShire, MK14 6LS

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Newmarket

The Oaks, Fordham Road, Newmarket, Suffolk, CB8 7XN

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Windsor

69 Alma Road, Windsor, Berkshire SL4 3HD

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