Prostate cancer

Only men have a prostate gland. Prostate cancer happens when cells start to grow abnormally. It can grow slowly to begin with no symptoms so it can be difficult to detect.

If prostate cancer is found before it has spread it’s easier to treat. You may be offered a combination of therapies including surgery, radiotherapy (utilising SpaceOAR® Hydrogel) and hormone therapy.

In 2013 there were around 19,000 new cases of prostate cancer.

 

What is the prostate?

The prostate gland is located underneath the bladder, around the urethra, and is about the shape and size of a walnut. It makes prostate fluid, one of the components of semen, and a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA).

  • Prostate cancer happens when abnormal cells in the prostate multiply, causing a tumour
  • These cancerous cells can grow throughout the prostate and through the capsule surrounding the prostate
  • They can spread to other areas including bone and lymph nodes. This is known as secondary prostate cancer

How quickly does prostate cancer progress?

  • Prostate cancer is usually slow growing
  • Most men without symptoms (low grade prostate cancer) can live for many years without it spreading and becoming life-threatening
  • As men live longer, prostate cancer is causing more problems
  • Treatment is often recommended to kill off cancerous cells before they spread
  • Early detection and careful monitoring and/or treatment are important

 

What causes prostate cancer?

The exact cause of prostate cancer isn’t known. However, some factors are known to increase the risk. Prostate cancer is rare before the age of 40, and the risk increases after age 50.

Risk factors also include:

  • Diet and lifestyle
  • A strong family history of prostate cancer
  • Specific genetic conditions, which are also associated with breast cancer and ovarian cancer in women (BRCA mutations)

John's battle with prostate cancer

SpaceOAR® Hydrogel

SpaceOAR Hydrogel is an option for men having radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

It’s a water-based soft gel implant that temporarily creates a small gap between the prostate and the rectum.

This gap protects the rectum from radiation exposure during prostate radiotherapy, meaning fewer side-effects.

Find out more

Treatments we cover

Radiotherapy kills cancer cells. It’s used in the early stages of cancer treatment or after it has started to spread. It can also be used to relieve pain and discomfort from cancer that has spread.

Read more

Chemotherapy is medication that treats your cancer. The drugs kill cancer cells, preventing them from dividing and spreading further.

Read more

Radiotherapy kills cancer cells. It’s used in the early stages of cancer treatment or after it has started to spread. It can also be used to relieve pain and discomfort from cancer that has spread.

Read more

Chemotherapy is medication that treats your cancer. The drugs kill cancer cells, preventing them from dividing and spreading further.

Read more

Meet our doctors

Everything we do is focused on designing better care for our patients. With a network of 12 specialist oncology treatment centres across the UK, we provide the most up-to-date treatments and technology as standard.

We attract and retain some of the most experienced doctors in the country, who all have a passion for improving patient outcomes and specialise in the treatment of different types of cancer.

Meet our doctors

Search for a centre near you

Maidstone

17 Kings Hill Avenue, Kings Hill, West Malling, Kent, ME19 4UA

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Birmingham

Little Aston Hall Drive, Sutton, West Midlands, Coldfield B74 3BF

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Nottingham

The Park Cancer Centre, Sherwood Lodge Drive, Burntstump Country Park, Notthingham, NG5 8RX

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Portsmouth

Portsmouth, Bartons Road, Havant, Hampshire, PO9 5NA

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Guildford

BMI St Martha Oncology Centre, 46 Harvey Road, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 3XL

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Southampton

Southampton Centre, Chalybeate Close (off Tremona Road), Southampton, SO16 6UY

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Chelmsford

Springfield Cancer Centre, Lawn Lane, Chelmsford, Essex, CM1 7GU

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Elstree

Unit 710, Centennial Park, Elstree, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, WD6 3SZ

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Oxford

Sandy Lane West, Peters Way, Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX4 6LB

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Milton Keynes

Sunrise Parkway, Linford Wood East, Milton Keynes, BuckinghamShire, MK14 6LS

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Newmarket

The Oaks, Fordham Road, Newmarket, Suffolk, CB8 7XN

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Windsor

69 Alma Road, Windsor, Berkshire SL4 3HD

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