Radiotherapy treatment

Radiotherapy, also called radiation therapy, kills cancer cells. It’s used in the early stages of cancer treatment or after it has started to spread. It can also be used to relieve pain and discomfort from cancer that has spread.

Around half of all cancer patients receive radiotherapy.

 

 

Destroying cancer cells

 

There are many ways to have radiotherapy but they all work in a similar way. Carefully controlled high-energy X-rays destroy or damage cancer cells. This stops them growing or spreading.

Radiotherapy is usually delivered in daily intervals called ‘fractions’. This allows time between treatments for the healthy cells to repair and the cancer cells to die off.

Advanced radiotherapy services

 

At GenesisCare, we’re always pushing the boundaries of technology to develop better radiation therapy treatments. Targeting the cancer cells in tumours without damaging the surrounding healthy tissue.

What is radiotherapy?

Our radiotherapies and tools

External beam radiotherapy uses high-energy radiation beams to destroy cancer cells. Before your treatment begins, we’ll take some imaging scans to establish the precise shape, size and location of the tumour. If your treatment is after your tumour removal surgery, then we’ll take scans to examine the area where the tumour was removed.

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SGRT uses sophisticated 3D camera technology to accurately target and kill cancer cells.

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Deep Inspiration Breath Hold (DIBH) is a simple technique used to treat cancer in the breast or chest wall. It’s precisely targeted so there’s less chance of damage to the heart and lungs.

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IGRT uses X-rays and scans before, and during, your treatment. It’s used to verify your position and anatomy before the treatment machine is turned on.

  • The scans show the exact shape, size and location of the tumour. We can then make tiny adjustments to precisely target the treatment area
  • IGRT can target cancers that move during, or between, treatment sessions. For example, lung cancers that move as you breathe. Or prostate cancer that can move depending on whether your bowel is full or empty

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IMRT is a ‘conformal’ radiotherapy. This means radiation beams are shaped to surround the treatment area, so it avoids damaging surrounding healthy tissue.

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Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a type of IMRT. VMAT is very accurate and maximises radiation to the tumour. The surrounding healthy tissue receives a much lower dose, reducing the risk of side-effects.

  • VMAT delivers a continuous beam of radiation therapy in an arc that moves around the tumour. It automatically changes the beam shape and radiation dose as it moves
  • Treatment sessions with VMAT are usually short – around 10 minutes
  • VMAT can be used when the tumour is close to critical organs. It helps them avoid being damaged by radiation

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SABR targets tumours in the body with high doses of radiation therapy. It destroys cancer cells with minimum damage to surrounding healthy tissues.

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Tomotherapy is a type of IMRT. It combines the technologies of a CT scanner (providing 3D images) and an IMRT machine to accurately target a tumour.

  • Creating a 3D image of the tumour means we can target the beams precisely. We adjust the treatment to the size, shape and location of the treatment area
  • The tumour is given a very high dose of radiation. The healthy surrounding tissue gets a much lower dose, reducing the risk of side-effects

External beam radiotherapy uses high-energy radiation beams to destroy cancer cells. Before your treatment begins, we’ll take some imaging scans to establish the precise shape, size and location of the tumour. If your treatment is after your tumour removal surgery, then we’ll take scans to examine the area where the tumour was removed.

SGRT uses sophisticated 3D camera technology to accurately target and kill cancer cells.

Deep Inspiration Breath Hold (DIBH) is a simple technique used to treat cancer in the breast or chest wall. It’s precisely targeted so there’s less chance of damage to the heart and lungs.

IGRT uses X-rays and scans before, and during, your treatment. It’s used to verify your position and anatomy before the treatment machine is turned on.

  • The scans show the exact shape, size and location of the tumour. We can then make tiny adjustments to precisely target the treatment area
  • IGRT can target cancers that move during, or between, treatment sessions. For example, lung cancers that move as you breathe. Or prostate cancer that can move depending on whether your bowel is full or empty

IMRT is a ‘conformal’ radiotherapy. This means radiation beams are shaped to surround the treatment area, so it avoids damaging surrounding healthy tissue.

Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a type of IMRT. VMAT is very accurate and maximises radiation to the tumour. The surrounding healthy tissue receives a much lower dose, reducing the risk of side-effects.

  • VMAT delivers a continuous beam of radiation therapy in an arc that moves around the tumour. It automatically changes the beam shape and radiation dose as it moves
  • Treatment sessions with VMAT are usually short – around 10 minutes
  • VMAT can be used when the tumour is close to critical organs. It helps them avoid being damaged by radiation

SABR targets tumours in the body with high doses of radiation therapy. It destroys cancer cells with minimum damage to surrounding healthy tissues.

Tomotherapy is a type of IMRT. It combines the technologies of a CT scanner (providing 3D images) and an IMRT machine to accurately target a tumour.

  • Creating a 3D image of the tumour means we can target the beams precisely. We adjust the treatment to the size, shape and location of the treatment area
  • The tumour is given a very high dose of radiation. The healthy surrounding tissue gets a much lower dose, reducing the risk of side-effects

Side effects

Radiotherapy is a common cancer treatment in the United Kingdom.

Tiredness

Skin changes and inflamation

Swelling and build up of fluids

Hair loss

Stress, anxiety and other coping issues are also common

Meet our doctors

Everything we do is focused on designing better care for our patients. With a network of 12 specialist oncology treatment centres across the UK, we provide the most up-to-date treatments and technology as standard.

We attract and retain some of the most experienced doctors in the country, who all have a passion for improving patient outcomes and specialise in the treatment of different types of cancer.

Meet our doctors

Search for a centre near you

Maidstone

17 Kings Hill Avenue, Kings Hill, West Malling, Kent, ME19 4UA

wm.admin@genesiscare.co.uk

Birmingham

Little Aston Hall Drive, Sutton, West Midlands, Coldfield B74 3BF

helen.roadway@genesiscare.co.uk

Nottingham

The Park Cancer Centre, Sherwood Lodge Drive, Burntstump Country Park, Notthingham, NG5 8RX

nottingham.administration@genesiscare.co.uk

Portsmouth

Portsmouth, Bartons Road, Havant, Hampshire, PO9 5NA

pao.portsmouth@genesiscare.co.uk

Guildford

BMI St Martha Oncology Centre, 46 Harvey Road, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 3XL

guildfordadministration@genesiscare.co.uk

Southampton

Southampton Centre, Chalybeate Close (off Tremona Road), Southampton, SO16 6UY

Southamptonadministration@genesiscare.co.uk

Chelmsford

Springfield Cancer Centre, Lawn Lane, Chelmsford, Essex, CM1 7GU

chelmsfordreception@genesiscare.co.uk

Elstree

Unit 710, Centennial Park, Elstree, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, WD6 3SZ

elstreereception@genesiscare.co.uk

Oxford

Sandy Lane West, Peters Way, Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX4 6LB

oxfordadministration@genesiscare.co.uk

Milton Keynes

Sunrise Parkway, Linford Wood East, Milton Keynes, BuckinghamShire, MK14 6LS

mk.bookingsteam@genesiscare.co.uk

Newmarket

The Oaks, Fordham Road, Newmarket, Suffolk, CB8 7XN

newmarket.admin@genesiscare.co.uk

Windsor

69 Alma Road, Windsor, Berkshire SL4 3HD

windsoradministration@genesiscare.co.uk