Single-fraction stereotactic ablative body radiation therapy for primary and metastasic lung tumor: A new paradigm?
Stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) is an effective technique comparable to surgery in terms of local control and efficacy in early stages of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and pulmonary metastasis. Several fractionation schemes have proven to be safe and effective, including the single fraction (SF) scheme. SF is an option cost-effectiveness, more convenience and comfortable for the patient and flexible in terms of its management combined with systemic treatments. The outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic has driven this not new but underutilized paradigm, recommending this option to minimize patients’ visits to hospital. SF SABR already has a long experience, strong evidence and sufficient maturity to reliably evaluate outcomes in peripheral primary NSCLC and there are promising outcomes in pulmonary metastases, making it a valid treatment option; although its use in central locations, synchronous and recurrencies tumors requires more prospective safety and efficacy studies. The SABR radiobiology study, together with the combination with systemic therapies, (targeted therapies and immunotherapy) is a direction of research in both advanced disease and early stages whose future includes SF.
Fernández C, Navarro-Martin A, Bobo A, Cabrera-Rodriguez J, Calvo P, Chicas-Sett R, Luna J, Rodríguez de Dios N, Couñago F. Single-fraction stereotactic ablative body radiation therapy for primary and metastasic lung tumor: A new paradigm? World J Clin Oncol 2022; 13(2): 101-115 [PMID: 35316929 DOI: 10.5306/wjco.v13.i2.101]