Cervical cancer treatment and diagnosis

Cervical cancer

Although the prevalence of cervical cancer has been decreasing in the U.S. for several years, it still affects many women. It’s most commonly diagnosed in women between the ages of 35 and 44, but early diagnosis and treatment can mean a positive outcome for many. We have the facilities to offer several different treatments that can improve your cervical cancer prognosis, help manage the condition and minimize any discomfort and pain. Our expert care team will work with you to decide on the most appropriate treatment plan that will be tailored to you and your needs.

Chapter 1

Diagnostics

Diagnostic tests for cervical cancer include imaging scans and pathology tests such as a pap test, HPV DNA test, colposcopy and biopsy, although your doctor may use other tests to identify the problem. You may also have imaging scans, such as MRI and CT, and other tests to find out more about your cancer, where it’s located and which treatments are likely to be most effective. Some of these tests are also used to assess how well your treatment is working.

Find your nearest GenesisCare center to find out what diagnostic tests and scans are available in your local area. Whatever your outcome, our expert team will support you throughout your treatment journey.

Breast scan
Chapter 2

Surgery

We work with expert teams of gynecological surgeons who are specially trained in surgical removal of benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors of the cervix. There are different procedures used for cervical cancer surgery and your surgeon will recommend the most appropriate one for you depending on your intentions to get pregnant, if you’ve gone through menopause, the size of your tumor and how advanced your disease is.

Cone biopsy

A cone biopsy, or conization, is a procedure that involves cutting a small, cone-shaped piece away from the cervix while leaving the rest of the healthy tissues intact. If you have early stage cervical cancer and your tumor is very small, it may be possible to remove it entirely with a cone biopsy. This may make it possible for you to become pregnant in future.

Trachelectomy

If you have invasive cervical cancer but still wish to get pregnant, your surgeon may recommend trachelectomy. During this procedure, your surgeon will remove the cervix and some of the upper part of the vagina, but not the uterus. A stitch will be made inside your uterine cavity to keep the uterus closed like the cervix normal would. After the surgery, you may be able to have a healthy pregnancy, but you’ll need to deliver your baby by cesarean section.

Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and cervix. In some cases, it may also involve removing part of the upper vagina and nearby lymph nodes. A hysterectomy can cure cervical cancer and prevent its recurrence, however, it makes it impossible for you to become pregnant in future.

Chapter 3

Radiation therapy

At GenesisCare we specialize in advanced radiation therapy techniques that are designed to be effective while minimizing the side effects you’ll experience. As the largest radiation oncology provider in the U.S. and a global leader in cancer care, our broad experience and world-class expertise means we offer advanced and innovative radiotherapy as standard.

Our latest-generation machines are built to deliver highly targeted radiation beams. The accuracy of these treatments, together with the expertise of our teams, helps our patients achieve the best possible outcomes.

The type of cervical cancer treatment your radiation oncologist recommends will depend on your diagnosis, if the cancer has spread to other parts of your body, your general health and personal preferences.

Radiotherapy for cervical cancer

External beam radiation therapy

At GenesisCare our cervical cancer treatments include external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), where radiation is delivered from outside the body, and internal radiation therapy (IRT), where the radiation dose is given via a source implanted within the body.

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)

IMRT is an advanced external beam radiation therapy technique where the beams of radiation are precisely shaped to exactly match your tumor and damage to adjacent healthy tissues is limited.

Intracavitary brachytherapy

Intracavitary brachytherapy is an internal radiation therapy that delivers radioactivity into a space near the tumor site through small plastic tubes called catheters. The radiation can either be removed after 20 minutes (HDR brachytherapy) or stay in the vagina over a few days (LDR brachytherapy). It can also be used on its own or after surgery.

Chapter 4

Medical oncology

At GenesisCare, we offer various drug therapies and a wide range of the latest anti-cancer drugs for cervical cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy.

Chemotherapy for cervical cancer

Chemotherapy refers to drugs that destroy cancer cells. Our expert teams may recommend chemotherapy before or after other treatments, or on its own. It can also be combined with radiation therapy (chemoradiation) to treat locally advanced cervical cancer – where the cancer has spread to the tissues next to the cervix.

Targeted therapy for cervical cancer

As researchers know more about cervical cancer, they have developed new treatments that can specifically target it. We use targeted therapy to seek and attack cellular activity that the cancer depends on to survive and grow.

Immunotherapy for cervical cancer

Immunotherapy helps your body’s own immune system to recognize and fight the cancer. In cervical cancer, immunotherapy is used if your cancer continues to grow after chemotherapy or it has spread to other parts of your body.

Chapter 5

Why choose GenesisCare?

People choose GenesisCare so they can access the latest technologies, effective treatments and personalized care that’s tailored to them without delay.

Cancer treatment and care is constantly evolving and we offer the world’s latest evidence-based treatments that have been shown to benefit patients. By working together closely, our multidisciplinary teams of oncologists, surgeons, radiation therapists and other healthcare specialists provide care that’s focused on you, not just your cancer.

We know that for many people, cancer is a life-changing experience and our goal is to help you through it in the most positive way possible. That’s why as well as offering exceptional cancer treatments, we also provide you with support and resources for your cancer journey—including advice about nutrition and exercise, expert help for managing side effects and information on local support groups.

Designing better care

Our centers are conveniently located throughout the United States, and each location has a dedicated Office Financial Counselor on hand to help you with your paperwork and answer your questions. We accept most insurance plans as well as Medicare Part B, which covers physician services, including radiation therapy.